Человек в центре внимания. Сочетание сильных сторон людей и роботов

The human is in focus. Combining strengths of humans and robots

At the end of June, when the German Chancellor, Angela Merkel met with the robotic lady Sophia at the conference “Morals & Machines“ in Berlin, it was obvious again that topics such as artificial intelligence is a matter close to the heart of the German federal government, and from the government’s point of view it is necessary for the Germans and Europeans to keep up with China and the United States of America in the technological race.

In the field of production, robots will soon support humans directly with their work in many places. The second SCHUNK Application and Technology Dialogue, which took place in cooperation with leading robotics companies and other representatives of industry and research in July, offered an overview in trends, standards and current technologies.

Highlight I Human/Robot Collaboration

HRC combines human and robot strengths
How can human-robot collaboration (HRC) be used in everyday production? What safety concepts are there? How can a successful start be made? – These and other concerns were the focus of the second SCHUNK user and technology dialog on the topic "Successfully Introducing Human-Robot Collaboration in the Company". It became clear that ergonomic relief for people in everyday work will become a central aspect of HRC in the future. The focus is increasingly on "human-centered automation," as expressed by Tea Barisiç of KUKA.

The user and technology dialog on HRC at SCHUNK provided an attractive mix of theory and practice. In the practical part, visitors were able to experience different HRC applications and test their functionality. 

The range of participants was as diverse as the topics of the user and technology day. The leading robotics companies were represented along with system integrators, representatives of the automotive industry, mechanical and system engineering, research and the supplier industry. The upcoming robotics revolution is driving technologists, process owners and works councils alike. Above all, the specific practical relevance proved to be a valuable focus of the event.

Partial automation gains importance

From the point of view of Prof. Dr. Markus Glück, Chief Innovation Officer (CINO) and Managing Director of Research and Development at SCHUNK, four goals are dominant in the current discussion when it comes to introducing HRC: improving ergonomics, making work processes more flexible, increasing efficiency, and improving efficiency as well as optimizing logistics, handling and loading processes. HRC scenarios are particularly effective with medium variance, quantities and throughput. Instead of completely automating processes, partial automation is becoming increasingly important. "HRC means synergistically bringing together the strengths of humans and the strengths of robotics," said Glück.

The lectures on the topic "Successfully introducing human-robot collaboration in the company" enabled a comprehensive overview of trends, standards and current technologies at the SCHUNK user and technology dialog.

Avoid over-engineering at HRC entry

Sebastian Höpfl, Head of Product Management Gripping Systems at SCHUNK, explained how standards-compliant and economic design of HRC applications can be achieved. Although the standards are well controlled, the main challenges lie in the practical implementation and in particular in the validation of the transient contact according to ISO/TS 15066. It makes sense to contact the certifying organizations, such as BG, TÜV or Dekra as soon as possible, and to discuss the planned applications. Basically he advised against over-engineering when beginning HRC. For example, applications with secure hold, manual guidance or speed and distance monitoring were often much easier and faster than complex applications with force and power limitation. And you learn much faster.

Helmut Schmid, Managing Director & General Manager Western Europe, advised Universal Robots (Germany) on a pragmatic approach to standards and safety. "Products have to be simple and flexible" is his credo. The fact that SCHUNK has recently put a gripping system kit specifically for UR robots on the market exactly meets this requirement: the different end-of-arm tools, such as grippers, quick-change interfaces and force / torque sensors, can be connected with the robot arms via Plug & Work and put into operation.

The user and technology dialog on HRC at SCHUNK provided an attractive mix of theory and practice. In the practical part, visitors were able to experience different HRC applications and test their functionality.

Usability and machine intelligence

Dr. Albrecht Höne, Director of Human Robot Collaboration at KUKA Germany, sees human-robot collaboration as a key to making production more flexible. The goal is a spontaneous, flexible and scalable automation. Höne advises subdividing the HRC process into different sections and providing it with different safety functions. In this way, KUKA implements, for example, applications in gearbox mounting, gap gauge testing, friction welding or plugging. Looking ahead, in his view, there was plenty of untapped potential, particularly in the fields of "easy to use" and "deep learning".

Assistance in practice

How the biometric limit values according to ISO/TS 15066 can be determined and tested in practice was presented by Dr. Daniel Meixner from GTE Industrieelektronik GmbH. He introduced load cells with special springs and damping elements as well as pressure measurement methods.

During the practical tour, the visitors were able to find out from different exhibitors live demonstrations of different HRC projects and where the challenges lay. The various applications resulted in lively discussions on strategies, concrete approaches and practical implementation. The playful testing of possibilities and safety functions also took up a lot of space.

The lectures on the topic "Successfully introducing human-robot collaboration in the company" enabled a comprehensive overview of trends, standards and current technologies at the SCHUNK user and technology dialog

Incorporate employees into HRC projects at an early stage

Tea Barisiç, from the field of Corporate Innovation at KUKA in Augsburg, demonstrated that HRC projects, in addition to all technology, must focus on people in particular. On the basis of surveys at HRC workplaces, she addressed the question of how human-centered automation can succeed. Barisiç suggested creating a college environment for employees to playfully and without pressure learn how to use HRC systems and build trust in the new technology. She recommended that both the works councils as well as the occupational safety officers and the individual employees be involved in the planning at an early stage. At the end of the event Markus Glück summed it up: "The relief for the people will be the great added value of HRC." And he further emphasizes: "We have to start with HRC, because the demographic change is right around the corner. In the near future, thousands of employees will retire, so we have to safeguard the next generation now."

Key topic I Magnetic Clamping Technology

Convenient clamping by magnet

The electrically activated permanent magnetic clamping technology is considered an insider tip when it comes to reducing set-up time and low-deformation clamping of workpieces. With a bit of design finesse, even large-sized components can be clamped without distortion in a matter of seconds and machined from all five sides.

Practical examples 

New Products & Innovations

Complete gripping system kit for Universal Robots robot arms
Automating fast, easy, and flexible – this is the aim of the SCHUNK gripping system kit, which is compatible with all Universal Robots robot arms. SCHUNK offers as the world's first manufacturer a comprehensive range of standardized components for the 6-axis lightweight UR robots.

To the modular gripping systms 

 

 

 

 

Equipped by SCHUNK

Components for your machining center You can choose from 7,500 products.

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